Teaching: Punctuation


Read the headlines and reflect on what you already think you know about each one.


  • Full Stop, Question Mark, Exclamation Mark
  • Colon
  • Semi-Colon
  • Comma
  • Dash
  • Quotation Marks
  • Apostrophe

Full Stop, Question Mark, Exclamation Mark

  1. Sentence Division
  2. Abbreviation
  3. Indirect questions


  1. Explanations
  2. Lists
  3. Subdivisions
  4. Capitals
  5. Letters
  6. Direct Speech


  1. Instead of full stops
  2. In lists


  1. Co-ordinate clauses
  2. Sub-ordinate clauses
  3. Grammatically separate sentences: commas not used
  4. Unusual word order
  5. Adjectives
  6. Identifying expressions: commas not used
  7. Long subjects: commas not used
  8. Lists
  9. Direct speech
  10. Indirect speech: no comma before that etc
  11. numbers


Quotation Marks

  1. Direct speech
  2. Special use of words


  1. Missing letters
  2. Possessives
  3. Special Plurals


Create an example after each of the main headlines

  • Full Stop, Question Mark, Exclamation Mark
  • Colon
  • Semi-Colon
  • Comma
  • Dash
  • Quotation Marks
  • Apostrophe

How can changing the punctuation change the sentence completely? (Try to make your fellow students laugh!)

How did it work out?

The teaching sequence worked better than expected. Every one of us was well prepared on our own subject, and I feel confident in punctuation after working with it intensely.

Did you come across any unexpected elements?

I wanted to start every subject with a grammar joke, but I didn't communicate it out properly to my fellow teachers. Many grammar points need further explanation and examples to be understood. The student text we worked with in the end were full of mistakes, and we did not vet it properly before use.

What went well?

Let's face it: Grammar can very easily be boring - punctuation even more so. I think we made it interesting with a fast pace, funny comments and shifting focus from teacher to teacher.

Where do you see room for improvement?

Write the grammar rule on the power point along with a few examples. Use more time on creating examples with the students or in groups.